On Tolstoy.

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In Tolstoy’s War & Peace he writes in the epilogue a personal view of history. It is determinist. Events unfold despite our best or worst intentions. More or less this is the opinion of Tolstoy.

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We have free will but that will is subject to the sea of change much like a swimmer in the ocean. The masses decided the current of opinion and this is what we call history. But is this true?

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With regards to ethics and morality I would say it is false. If a person is unable to distinguish or discern whether an action is right or wrong what is the point of calling yourself a Christian?

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Yet Tolstoy considered himself a Christian. He may have had anarchic views within a Christian context but he would have considered himself to be a Christian.

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But his opinions at the end of War & Peace reveal a determinist and collectivist viewpoint that is nearer to Marxism than Christianity. Seven years after the death of Tolstoy came the Russian Revolution when the world was turned on its head.

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Economically and over time this changed again to a world run largely on the capitalist model but culturally the Christian way has been corrupted and usurped in the West by a Marxist and atheistic inclined viewpoint which has infiltrated almost every institution and area of civic life in England.

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Immanuel Kant once wrote about the primacy of free will when making moral or ethical choices. It is called the Categorical Imperative and is posited as a universal law.

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If we did not have free will to act morally or ethically as we see fit; if we were unable to make such decisions based upon personal evaluation of right and wrong, it would make little or no sense to complain when others treated us badly.

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